Making It Into The Archives (Appraisal for Accession)
This photograph of a fellow who was young in 1975 will likely never be offered to an archive.
For materials generated over the last two hundred years there is a threat which remains largely unarticulated. All documentary heritage, but particularly images, must survive the bias of fashion, the great purging sieve of taste. There is a rhythm to things which is difficult to define but usually marches with human generations. The beliefs, cause and tastes of one generation are often rejected by the next.
The day arrives when certain materials appear comic, embarrassing, sometimes politically incorrect or even offensive. Then they are discarded.
In the world of collectables and antiques some of these images will qualify as ephemera. Ephemera is a term used for materials which were only meant for brief use and which were expected to be thrown away, such as greeting cards and calendars. These things will go out of fashion, be purged, and then come back into vogue and be collected. Since they were produced in numbers there are usually survivors to collect. The problem for the archivist is that many original documents which are not ephemera will also face the bias of taste; for example, government reports on topics which do not interest the present generation.
Some archivists are aware that the menu of materials available to inform later generations has already been edited; others are not. How many school histories vanished long ago because they contained pictures of women in bloomers juggling wooden skittles? How many commercial fonds have been stripped of illustrations of glass baby bottles, heavy land-line telephones and melamine tableware?
Usually, we have little trouble convincing our sponsors that collecting the roaring twenties is worthwhile. That epoch was purged some time ago, and is now deemed interesting. However, we will find it much more difficult to impress our sponsors by documenting the peace movement complete with ponchos, craft jewellery, long hair and bell-bottom trousers. As things are now it is unlikely that much grassroots, eye-witness, primary source visual evidence of this period will survive. The public is still too busy laughing.
In 1956, T.R. Schellenberg said that, when it comes to documentary heritage, age is to be respected. This is part of a complex discussion, but his argument is based on the assumption that as time passes less is likely to have survived to enter the archives. Thanks to theorists such as Schellenberg, archivists should be sensitized to the impact that both changing fashion and shifts in conventions pose to the endurance of visual records. As professionals we must resist including current fashions and mores in the template we use to adjudicate whether a record is worthy or not. While the general public is unable to get beyond the humour of crimplene, hockey hair and pink bathtubs we should quietly go about our business, carefully selecting quality images that fit the mission for the archives.